Check out our latest APIs:MotorcyclesValidate Phone

Top 5 Frontend Frameworks in 2022

June 9, 2022


Frontend frameworks are used by developers to create client-side applications. They are instrumental to web development, power some of the websites on the planet (e.g. Facebook, Netflix, Youtube), and help drive trillions of dollars in revenue.

In 2022, there are dozens of popular frameworks to choose from in many different programming languages. Today we’ll go over the top 5 frontend frameworks and their pros and cons.

React

Originally developed by Facebook, React is arguably the hottest frontend framework in recent years. It’s an open-source framework that allows developers to make code changes easily, it has a unique feature called the Virtual Document Object Model (or Virtual DOM), a virtual representation of the UI that is kept in memory.

Advantages of React
  • Easy to Use

    React is quite easy to work with. In development mode, the UI auto-updates whenever a change is made, and any errors are clearly surfaced on the dev webpage along with any stack traces, so there’s no need to hunt for error messages.

  • Virtual DOM

    The virtual DOM provides an efficient way to update web pages that also increases performance. The team at Facebook chose this solution after finding their use cases needing to frequently re-render the UI.

  • Increased Productivity

    With how easy it is to make changes and see them in real-time, React increases developers’ productivity. Over time, this can lead projects to be finished ahead of schedule, which helps keep teams’ morales high.

Disadvantages of React
  • Can be Difficult to Learn

    During the learning phase, React throws around a bunch of new concepts and terminologies (such as JSX, props and state). These concepts can be difficult to grasp at first, and developers need to understand how they work to make use of React.


Angular

Angular is another very popular web framework. Originally named AngularJs, it was originally created by the folks over at Google (yes, it seems like giant tech companies have a thing for competing frontend frameworks) and later open sourced. In 2016, a brand-new rewritten version called Angular 2+ was released.

Advantages of Angular
  • MVC Architecture

    Angular uses the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. Within this design pattern, the Model and the View are synchronized, and as the data in the Model changes, the View does too. Two-way data binding enables engineers to reduce development time as it eliminates the need to write additional synchronization code for the View and Model.

  • Large Community

    Since its release, Angular has gained serious momentum (no pun intended!) in the developer community. This makes asking questions and getting help/advice much easier.

Disadvantages of Angular
  • Steep Learning Curve

    There is a wide range of features and built-in functionalities that come with Angular, which can be difficult to learn.


Vue.js

VueJs is a framework for building both dynamic and small web applications with ease. It’s a simple, straight-forward framework that developers can learn to use quickly, but despite being versatile, it’s not yet popular among larger companies.

Advantages of VueJs
  • Detailed Documentation

    VueJs provides plenty of documentation for new developers, making onboarding even easier.

  • Virtual DOM

    Like React, VueJs also makes use of a virtual DOM, enabling more efficient UI updates.

  • Syntactically Simple

    The VueJs framework has a relatively simple syntax and is easy to work with.

Disadvantages of VueJs
  • Community Size

    Despite recent popularity, the overall user base of VueJs is still smaller than powerhouses like React and Angular.


Ember.js

EmberJs resembles Angular with its component-based functionality and two-way data binding. It was developed in 2011 thanks to the demands of modern technologies. Despite being one of the toughest Frameworks to learn, it is still used by some of the largest companies like Linkedin and Apple because it allows developers to create complex mobile and web applications easily.

Advantages of EmberJs
  • Performance

    While it may lag behind frameworks like React for simple page renders, EmberJs provides great performance for large, complex web applications with many components running at once.

  • Two-way Data Binding

    Two-way data binding saves developers time because they don’t need to write boilerplate synchronization code.

Disadvantages of EmberJs
  • Steep Learning Curve

    EmberJs is a large, heavy framework with a steep learning curve and complex syntax. For smaller projects, it might be better to choose a more lightweight framework.


jQuery

Since its initial release in 2006, jQuery is the oldest framework on this list. However, to say it’s still popular would be a huge understatement. jQuery is a very simple Javascript framework that is easy to learn, fun to prototype with, and used by millions of students, amatuer and professional web developers. To this day, over 75% of the top 1 million websites in the world make use of jQuery.

Advantages of jQuery
  • Very Simple Framework

    It doesn’t take a lot of frontend experience to get started with jQuery. In fact, using jQuery doesn’t even require much knowledge of programming in general. And it’s largely thanks to this reason jQuery is still so popular even in 2022.

Disadvantages of jQuery
  • Lack of Newer features and Design Patterns

    Being such an old framework, jQuery does not really contain the innovations that the frontend community developed in the last decade and a half. This can create maintenance problems down the road and drive developers into making poor design choices (by today’s standards).


Hopefully these 5 frontend frameworks can provide a starting point for you and your project. As always, the decision of choosing a framework should not only depend on its pros and cons but also your specific project. Choosing the right framework to fit your project needs is the key, and spending some time deciding could save you months of pain and regret in the future.